Architecture.Sculpture.Remembrance:The Art of Monuments of Yugoslavia 1945–1991

Muzej-Museo Lapidarium

in collaboration with DESSA Gallery (Ljubljana) and Miroslav Kraljević Gallery

Architecture. Sculpture. Remembrance.: The Art of Monuments of Yugoslavia 1945–1991

The opening of the exhibition on Saturday, July 10, 2021, at 9 pm in Museum Lapidarium

Detail: Igor Grubić ‘ Monument ‘ 2015

In the architecture and art of ex-Yugoslavia, the timeless monuments to the victims of the People’s Liberation War stand out. They were designed by Yugoslav architects and sculptors of the highest profile, such as Bogdan Bogdanović, Edvard Ravnikar, Vojin Bakić, Dušan Džamonja, Zdenko Kolacio and many others. Instead of the regime’s symbolism, their creations combined the present, the past, mystique, the elements of antique necropolises, ethnography and spatial poetics. On the basis of high architectural and artistic value of the structures and the exceptional contemplative qualities of the spatial designs, the Slovenian curators selected 33 monuments and memorial complexes from all the republics and autonomous provinces of ex-Yugoslavia. This was no easy task as the said territory contains many more exceptional memorial creations. The exhibition, showed in 2020, was prepared in collaboration with experts – authors, photographers and institutions from the ex-Yugoslav region and beyond, which has also laid the foundation for future co-operation.

With the extension of Ljubljana exhibition in 2020, the Museum Lapidarium added some more Croatian monuments, ie. from Pod Beram (Istria), Labin (Istria) and the Memorial Park Dotrščina, Zagreb. In addition to aesthetic and structural innovation, they are further enhanced by the unique, contemporary and advanced artistic language of their creators. Furthermore, the exhibition in Museum Lapidarium is accompanied by original drawings and sketches for Jasenovac’s “Stone Flower “ by Bogdan Bogdanović, a database catalogue of the Croatian monuments by Sanja Horvatinčić (2017), the award-winning documentary film ‘Monument’ by Igor Grubić, and the documentary film ‘The Art of Memory’ by Jelena Radenović. In addition, we present a special publication ‘Architecture. Sculpture. Remembrance. The Art of Monuments of Yugoslavia 1945–1991’, published by the Dess Gallery and the AB magazine – Architect’s Bulletin, Ljubljana, 2020.

With this exhibition we want to encourage the general public, the local population and those responsible, to a mature and respectful assessment of the artistic, architectural and semantic value of these remarkable spatial sculptures, and thus for their maintenance and preservation. The monuments permanently mirror the past, life and death. And the dignity of memory.

The exhibition is open until August 18, 2021. It can be viewed every day, except Sundays and holidays, from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m. and from 7 p.m. to 10 p.m.

Thank you
We would like to thank everyone who has contributed their knowledge and time and thus helped us to create this exhibition: text writers, photographers, video artists … And to all who have or will in any way contribute to the promotion of the exhibition and the preservation of the monuments.

Curators: Boštjan Bugarič, Kristina Dešman, Maja Ivanič, Špela Kuhar, Eva Mavsar, Špela Nardoni Kovač, Damjana Zaviršek Hudnik
Producer: Gallery DESSA, Židovska steza 4, Ljubljana
Organizer: Galleria DESSA, ab_Arhitektov bilten, DAL, Arhitectuul


Jerica Ziherl, for Museum Lapidarium, Veliki trg 8a, Novigrad-Cittanova, Croatia
with: Renata Kmet, Branko Metzger Šober

mail Spomenik plakat
Design: Oleg Šuran

Igor Grubić, Monument, 50 min, 2015


Jelena Radenović, Umetnost sećanja, 2019.



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Gallery Miroslav Kraljević (GMK), Šubićeva 29, Zagreb
Opening of the exhibition ‘Architecture. Sculpture. Remembrance.: The Art of Monuments of Yugoslavia 1945–1991’ will be on August 26, 2021 at 8 p.m. The exhibition will be on view until September 17, 2021.
GMK working hours: Tuesday – Friday: 14¬ – 20; Saturday: 10 – 15. The program is supported by: The Office for Culture of the City of Zagreb and the Ministry of Culture and Media of the Republic of Croatia


For your and our safety, during your visit to the Museum Lapidarium we kindly ask you to follow these instructions:
– wear a face mask
– keep a distance between other visitors
– use hand sanitizer at the entrances when entering the museum and gallery indoors
– if you have respiratory problems such as cough and fever, please stay at home
Thank you for understanding.